The World Health Organization (WHO) classified emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) into 5 categories i.e. 1) new infections resulting from previously unknown or evolution of existing organisms, 2) known infections spreading to new geographic areas or populations, 3) old infections reemerging as a result of breakdowns in disease control, 4) infections due to acquired antimicrobial resistant known organisms, and 5) bioterrorism agents. The global agenda on detection, prevention and response to EIDs has been proposed by many responsible organizations including WHO, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Thailand has been implementing policies, regulations and measures as well as conducting relevant research and development on detection, prevention and response to EIDs/AMR over the past decades. This side meeting is the venue to review what have been done, being done to prevent and contain EIDs/AMR over the past years.